The medical term for headache is Celphalgia. It is pain in any region of the head which may occur on one or both sides of the head, be isolated to a certain location, radiate across the head from one point, or have a vase-like activity.

Most people often take headaches lightly because it is so common, but headaches are of different types and the pain comes in different degrees. So next time you have a headache you should take it more seriously. Some common types of headache include:


It is a mild to moderate pain that feels like a tight band around the head. It may be triggered by stress, fatigue, poor posture, eye strain, inadequate sleep, use of tobacco and alcohol before or after period for women.


It is a headache of varying intensity. It can be an acute, frequent or throbbing pain often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. This type of headache occurs when blood vessels of the head and neck constrict, resulting in a decrease in blood flow to the vessels.


It is severe and can be throbbing or constant. An intense burning pain behind or around one eye is always constant.


This occurs when cavities in the head called sinuses are inflamed. There is usually a deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead and on the bridge of the nose. The pain usually comes along with other symptoms like runny nose, fullness in the ears, fever and a swollen face.


  • Take paracetamol
  • Avoid excessive alcohol
  • Engage in correct posture while sitting/working
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Do not strain your eyes
  • Avoid skipping meals


  • When headache occurs more than 3 times per week
  • If headache keeps coming back
  • If painkillers do not help
  • If you take painkillers every day for headache
  • When your headaches interfere with family, work or social life
  • When you feel weak, dizzy, numb or a sudden loss of balance
  • When there is confusion and trouble with speech
  • If you have a problem with your vision
  • If you have fever, shortness of breath, stiff neck or rash
  • When you experience severe nausea and vomiting, seizures
  • When headache wakes you up at night
  • If Headaches occur after head injury
  • When you have a history of headaches, but have noticed a recent change in symptoms/pattern of attacks

Medical attention is urgently needed when headache comes sudden with the following symptoms:.

  • Weakness, dizziness, sudden loss of balance or numbness
  • Trouble with speech, confusion or seizures
  • Problem with vision
  • Fever, short breath, stiff neck or rash
  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • Headache pain that wakes you up at night
  • Headaches that happen after head injury
  • Having a history of headache but have noticed a recent change in symptoms/pattern of attacks.


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