That’s a big word but the meaning is quite simple or maybe not so simple. Endometriosis is often a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. It can grow on the ovaries, bowels and walls of the pelvic cavity.
Endometriosis can be minimal, mild, moderate or severe based on the exact location, extent and depth.
Some of the symptoms include:
- Pain just before menstruation and lessens after menstruation
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pain during bowel movement
- Pain while urinating
- Bleeding while urinating
Other symptoms related to endometriosis include lower abdominal pain, diarrhea and/or constipation, low back pain, chronic fatigue, irregular/heavy menstruation. Please consult your physician if you notice these symptoms.
There is no known cause of endometriosis but one theory is that during menstrual period, some of the menstrual debris flow back up through the fallopian tube into the pelvic and abdominal cavity.
Any woman can develop endometriosis but certain risk factors increase the likelihood for developing this condition including: Women who have a mother, sister or daughter with the disease, women who have their first child after age 30, or women with abnormal uterus.
The procedure for diagnosing endometriosis is called Laparoscopy which involves inserting a thin tube with lens and a light at the end through an incision in the abdominal wall to see into the pelvic area.
Endometriosis can be treated with medications and/or surgery. The goal of the treatment may include pain/symptom relief and/or enhancement of fertility. Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) are sometimes used to treat endometriosis. You are advised not to indulge in self-diagnosis and treatment if you notice any symptoms. Endometriosis is a condition that requires professional medical attention and care.