Diabetes is a condition when the pancreas do not produce enough insulin or the body cannot effectively use the insulin the body produces. Insulin is a hormone used to regulate the blood sugar in the body.

There are different types of diabetes but the main types include:

  • Type 1:

    also referred to as juvenile diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to produce insulin. People with this condition are insulin-dependent as they require daily shots of insulin. The cause of type 1 diabetes is genetics and environmental factor.

  • Type 2:

    here the body cannot effectively use insulin produced. The cells in the body do not respond to the insulin produced by the body. Type 2 diabetes is commonly linked to obesity. Overweight is the main cause of this type, but some people with type 2 diabetes are not overweight. Gestational: this occurs during pregnancy. The body becomes less sensitive to insulin during pregnancy but not all pregnant women suffer gestational diabetes and it usually resolves after birth of the baby.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms differ from type to type but these are the general symptoms associated with diabetes:

  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue
  • Slow-healing injury
  • Poor muscle strength
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Yeast infection
  • Dry, itchy skin

RISK FACTOR

  • Genetics
  • Damaged immune system cells
  • Overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Age
  • Race

DIAGNOSIS

Blood sugar testing is used to diagnose diabetes

TREATMENT

Treatment vary according to type

  • Type 1: insulin
  • Type 2: healthy diet, exercise, medication to lower blood sugar
  • Gestational diabetes: monitor blood sugar, healthy diet, exercise and insulin.

COMPLICATION

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Eye damage
  • Foot damage
  • Hearing loss

PREVENTION

  • Healthy diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Lose weight
 

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