Dermatitis is a general term for different kinds of skin conditions. It can be uncomfortable, cause skin to be inflamed, itchy, reddened, dry or swollen. It can also cause rashes, blisters or oozing on skin, but this condition is not contagious. It has different causes and occurs in different forms. The two most common types are atopic and contact dermatitis.

SYMPTOMS

Dermatitis symptoms varies depending on the type, but its general symptoms include

  • Rashes
  • Blisters
  • Dry skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Painful skin
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Scaling

CAUSES

  • Contact dermatitis: is caused by direct contact with irritants or allergen
  • Atopic dermatitis: it is often genetic and a combining factor of dry skin, environmental setting and bacteria on skin
  • Seborrheic dermatitis: this is caused by the fungus in oil glands and genetic on some people.

TRIGGERS

  • Stress
  • Hormonal changes
  • Environment
  • Irritating substance

RISK FACTORS

  • Age: dermatitis can start at any age but atopic usually starts at infancy
  • Allergies and asthma: family history of eczema, allergies, hay fever and asthma can increase risk of dermatitis
  • Occupation: getting in contact with certain metals, solvents or cleaning supplies increase risk
  • Health condition: you are at risk of seborrheic dermatitis if you have congestive heart failure, Parkinson’s disease and HIV/AIDS

DIAGNOSIS

  • Physical exam
  • Patch testing
  • Skin biopsy

TREATMENT

  • Medication to reduce allergies and itching
  • Phototherapy
  • Topical creams
  • Lotions for dry skin
  • Oatmeal bath to relieve itching
  • Antibiotics or antifungal if infection occur

PREVENTION

There is no prevention, but certain steps can be taken:

  • Moisturize skin
  • Wear protective clothes when doing tasks that involves irritants
  • Use a gentle, non-soap cleanser

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